How To Use The Subways, Trains and Buses in Japan
The amount of subway lines in the Tokyo Metro system is significantly more complex than you would find in Osaka, Sapporo and other parts of Japan. It would actually be easier to understand if you tried to learn the subway system in any other city besides Tokyo, but you made it to this page so I’ll try my best to explain how to use Tokyo subways. This actually applies to all of Japan
As soon as you arrive in Japan, make your way to a subway station and buy a PASMO card so you can use the Tokyo subway. Well, not just the Tokyo subway, this applies to all of Japan since the PASMO is accepted everywhere. You’ll see a large map and kiosks where you can purchase tickets. These kiosks are located at all major stations.
Don’t buy the individual tickets, buy the PASMO card and load it up with some yen. The machine ONLY takes cash so be prepared. Most of Japan is cash based so stop at the ATM first.
How Does the PASMO card work?
All the legit deets are on this page but I’ll break it down for you. The PASMO card is a prepaid card you can use to travel anywhere in Japan. The card can be used on all local train lines and the Japan Rail. The only place you can’t use it is the bullet train (Shinkansen). You’ll need to actually purchase a ticket for the Shinkansen if you want to go long distances quickly.
How do I buy a PASMO card?
Purchasing a PASMO card pretty straight forward at the terminal. Just hit the ENG button and it will walk you throughout each step. But if you want to mentally prepare yourself, the link above shows each step of the process.
How much should I put on the PASMO card?
If you’ll be taking the subway/train/bus to get around frequently, you’ll want to budget out at least 1000JPY/day.
5 day tourism trip = 5,000JPY
How do Tokyo Subway/Train stations work with the PASMO card? / How do Japanese Subway/Train stations work?
Once you have your PASMO card loaded with money, enter the station “turnstiles” and scan your PASMO card over the “IC” logo. It will beep, show your remaining balance and then the gates will momentarily open so you can pass through.
After arriving at your destination, to exit the station you scan your PASMO card over the “IC” logo again. The price is calculated based on your trip start and end points. So if you get lost and take trains back and forth, you won’t pay extra unless you leave the station each time. So even if you’re lost, stay in the station and figure it out before exiting.
How do you use the Tokyo Bus? / How do you use the bus in Japan?
- Wait at a bus stop
- When the bus arrives, enter through the middle of the bus
- After entering the bus, scan your PASMO card. There should be an “IC” reader by the entrance
- Press the “Stop” button when approaching your destination
- Exit through the front of the bus and scan your PASMO card at the “IC” reader located next to the driver
What if I have money left on the card?
You can get a refund! It’s funny, but the PASMO website does not explain how to get a refund. Very sneaky move website. At any of the bigger Tokyo Subway stations, you can find a metro office that will issue you a refund. All you have to do is ask a station attendant and they’ll direct you towards the office. If there isn’t an office at the station, they’ll tell you the location of the next closest station. Even if there is a language barrier, just point to your PASMO card and say “refund” and they’ll know where to guide you.
You’ll be looking for an office. Once you find it, go in and point to your PASMO card and say “refund”. They’ll bring out some paperwork, they’ll show you your remaining balance, you’ll sign the paper and then they’ll give you the remaining balance as cash. That’s how to get a PASMO refund.